What are the different types of psychotherapy for children and teens?
There are many different types of psychotherapy and one of the main tasks of a child psychologist is to identify, which type of therapy is right for each individual child and family.
Here are some different types of psychotherapy commonly used to support children and teens:
Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy helps to understand how thinking patterns impact on our emotions and behaviour. Children are taught how their thoughts influence their emotions and, in turn, that can influence their behaviour. In this therapy, children learn to identify unhelpful/negative thought patterns and a therapist works with them to help them exchange/swap these chains of thoughts into more realistic/positive ones, that would lead to more positive feelings and behaviours. This is particularly helpful for young people dealing with depression and anxiety, or struggling to cope with traumatic experiences.
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
This therapy is particularly suited for older adolescents, who are dealing with chronic thoughts of suicide and self-harmful behaviours or those who have been diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. This therapy focuses on teaching patients how to deal with conflict and how to take responsibility for their own thoughts, feelings and actions.
This therapy is particularly well suited to younger children. Play therapy involves the use of toys, blocks, puppets, art and games to help the child recognise their own feelings and verbalise their experiences. Play often reveals deeper issues and can also be used as a vehicle to teach a child how to understand and manage their conflicts, feelings, past trauma and behaviour.
This type of therapy focuses on how early childhood and relations with others can affect our development. It is based on the idea that our unconscious mind holds onto painful feelings and memories that are too difficult for the conscious mind to process. The aim of psychodynamic therapy is to bring the unconscious mind into consciousness. It helps a child or youth to experience and begin to understand their true, deep-rooted feelings in order to deal with them. It helps them understand the motivations behind their behaviour, thoughts and feelings. This model of therapy is particularly effective for children who suffer from emotional disorders (such as depressive and anxiety disorders), eating disorders and who experienced trauma or/and neglect.
A standard therapy session is 50 minutes
Play therapy session is 50 minutes